Adverse Events are Preventable but Happen with Frequency
Adverse events, or never events, are preventable errors that result from a healthcare provider’s negligence. Tracking the annual rate of adverse events largely began back in 1999 when the Institutes of Medicine published a now-famous report entitled “To Err is Human.” Over the last nearly 20 years, however, we have not seen a drop in the number of injurious adverse events. Rather, the report emphasizes that “annual adverse events have hit 100,000 to 400,000 per year.” To put that number in other terms, for every 100,000 hospital admissions each year, 120 adverse events occur. Every year about 4,000 surgical errors (or surgical near-misses), including wrong-site surgeries, happen.
Medical Errors are Deadly
Did you know that anywhere from 2 to 3% of patients who are admitted to hospitals end up suffering injuries as a result of a medical mistake or error? Indeed, medical errors are actually the third leading cause of death in the United States.
Some Medical Errors are More Common Than Others
Not all medical errors occur with the same amount of frequency. The Becker’s report cites an article in U.S. News & World Report, which identifies the following as the medical mistakes that occur most often:
- Medication errors (including, for example, prescribing the wrong medication or amount, or failing to consider the harmful interactions of a prescription drug with a patient’s current medication regimen);
- Excessive blood transfusion;
- Premature babies being given too much oxygen;
- Preventable healthcare-associated infections (including, for example, surgical-site infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, or bloodstream infections, according to a fact sheet from the CDC); and
- Central line infections.
Most Medical Errors Occur in Hospitals
Between 2004 and 2015, nearly 6,250 fatal or life-altering medical mistakes were reported in hospitals. That number is very high, and it emphasizes that most medical errors occur in hospitals. With 351 deadly or debilitating medical mistakes during that same period, ambulatory care organizations are another type of site in which medical mistakes happen more frequently than at other locations.
Quality Improvement Initiatives are Not Sufficient to Stop Medical Errors
Currently, many hospitals and other healthcare facilities are employing checklist-based quality improvement initiatives. What are these? In short, they require healthcare professionals to check off certain tasks to ensure that no mistakes are made. However, a study in JAMA Surgery recently indicated that these initiatives are not sufficiently effective. We need better methods for curbing the high rate of medical errors in hospitals are other care locations.
If you or someone you love sustained injuries because of a medical error, you should discuss your options with an experienced San Diego medical malpractice lawyer as soon as possible. Contact the Walton Law Firm to learn more about our services.